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Home > Space Exploration > Chronology > Viking




1976 - 1982
Viking




Photo from Mars by Viking 2
Credit: image by NASA, source: http://www.nasa.gov



NASA's Viking program consisted of a pair of space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2. Each vehicle was composed of two main parts, an orbiter designed to photograph the surface of Mars from orbit, and a lander designed to study the planet from the surface. The orbiters also served as communication relays for the landers once they touched down.

It was the most expensive and ambitious mission ever sent to Mars. It was highly successful and formed most of the database of information about Mars until the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Shortened article from http://wikipedia.org . Published under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2




Viking mission profile
Credit: image by NASA, source: http://www.nasa.gov




Viking spacecraft (orbiter and lander coupled together)
Credit: image by NASA, source: http://www.nasa.gov





Model of the Viking lander
Credit: image by NASA, source: http://www.nasa.gov





Viking lander robotic arm collecting soil samples
Credit: image by NASA, source: http://www.nasa.gov





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