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Home > Astronomy > The Stars > Nearest Stars



Nearest Stars



Size and colour comparison of the Sun and the nearest star system, the Alpha Centauri system (2 yellow dwarfs, an orange dwarf and a red dwarf, respectively). Source: http://www.wikipedia.org . Published under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2


Here is a list of the 50 nearest star systems to the Earth which is ordered by increasing distance out to a maximum of 5 parsecs (16.308 light-years.) These systems contain a total of 65 known stars and 4 known brown dwarfs.

Stars and brown dwarfs which have an apparent magnitude greater than 6.5, and which consequently cannot be observed with the naked eye, are shown in dark gray. The classes of the stars and brown dwarfs are shown in the color of their spectral types. These colors are derived from conventional names for the spectral types and do not reflect the star's observed color.



#

Designation

Stellar class

Distance
Light-years

System

Star

1

Solar

Sun (Sol)

G2V

0.0000158
or approx.
8 light-minutes

2

Alpha Centauri
(Rigil Kentaurus; Toliman)

Proxima Centauri (V645 Centauri)

M5.5Ve

4.2421

α Centauri A (HD 128620)

G2V

4.3650

α Centauri B (HD 128621)

K0V

3

Barnard's Star (BD+043561a)

M4.0Ve

5.9630

4

Wolf 359 (CN Leonis)

M6.0V

7.7825

5

Lalande 21185 (BD+362147)

M2.0V

8.2905

6

Sirius
(α Canis Majoris)

Sirius A

A1V

8.5828

Sirius B

DA2

7

Luyten 726-8

Luyten 726-8 A (BL Ceti)

M5.5Ve

8.7280

Luyten 726-8 B (UV Ceti)

M6.0Ve

8

Ross 154 (V1216 Sagittarii)

M3.5Ve

9.6813

9

Ross 248 (HH Andromedae)

M5.5Ve

10.322

10

Epsilon Eridani (BD−09697)

K2V

10.522

11

Lacaille 9352 (CD−3615693)

M1.5Ve

10.742

12

Ross 128 (FI Virginis)

M4.0Vn

10.919

13

EZ Aquarii
(GJ 866, Luyten 789-6)

EZ Aquarii A

M5.0Ve

11.266

EZ Aquarii B

M?

EZ Aquarii C

M?

14

Procyon
(α Canis Minoris)

Procyon A

F5V-IV

11.402

Procyon B

DA

15

61 Cygni

61 Cygni A (BD+384343)

K5.0V

11.403

61 Cygni B (BD+384344)

K7.0V

16

Struve 2398
(GJ 725, BD+591915)

Struve 2398 A (HD 173739)

M3.0V

11.525

Struve 2398 B (HD 173740)

M3.5V

17

Groombridge 34
(GJ 15)

Groombridge 34 A (GX Andromedae)

M1.5V

11.624

Groombridge 34 B (GQ Andromedae)

M3.5V

18

Epsilon Indi
(CPD−5710015)

Epsilon Indi A

K5Ve

11.824

Epsilon Indi Ba

T1.0V

Epsilon Indi Bb

T6.0V

19

DX Cancri (G 51-15)

M6.5Ve

11.826

20

Tau Ceti (BD−16295)

G8Vp

11.887

21

GJ 1061 (LHS 1565)

M5.5V

11.991

22

YZ Ceti (LHS 138)

M4.5V

12.132

23

Luyten's Star (BD+051668)

M3.5Vn

12.366

24

Teegarden's star (SO025300.5+165258)

M6.5V

12.514

25

SCR 1845-6357

SCR 1845-6357 A

M8.5V

12.571

SCR 1845-6357 B

T6

26

Kapteyn's Star (CD−451841)

M1.5V

12.777

27

Lacaille 8760 (AX Microscopii)

M0.0V

12.870

28

Kruger 60
(BD+562783)

Kruger 60 A

M3.0V

13.149

Kruger 60 B (DO Cephei)

M4.0V

29

DEN 1048-3956

M8.5V

13.167

30

Ross 614
(V577 Monocerotis, GJ 234)

Ross 614A (LHS 1849)

M4.5V

13.349

Ross 614B (LHS 1850)

M5.5V

31

Gl 628 (Wolf 1061, BD−124523)

M3.0V

13.820

32

Van Maanen's Star (Gl 35, LHS 7)

DZ7

14.066

33

Gl 1 (CD−3715492)

M3.0V

14.231

34

Wolf 424
(FL Virginis, LHS 333, GJ 473)

Wolf 424 A

M5.5Ve

14.312

Wolf 424 B

M7Ve

35

TZ Arietis (GJ 83.1, Luyten 1159-16)

M4.5V

14.509

36

Gl 687 (LHS 450, BD+68946)

M3.0V

14.793

37

LHS 292 (LP 731-58)

M6.5V

14.805

38

Gl 674 (LHS 449)

M3.0V

14.809

39

GJ 1245

GJ 1245 A

M5.5V

14.812

GJ 1245 B

M6.0V

GJ 1245 C

M?

40

GJ 440 (WD 1142-645)

DQ6

15.060

41

GJ 1002

M5.5V

15.313

42

Ross 780 (GJ 876)

M3.5V

15.342

43

LHS 288 (Luyten 143-23)

M5.5V

15.610

44

GJ 412

GJ 412 A

M1.0V

15.832

GJ 412 B (WX Ursae Majoris)

M5.5V

45

Groombridge 1618 (GJ 380)

K7.0V

15.848

46

GJ 388

M3.0V

15.942

47

GJ 832

M3.0V

16.085

48

LP 944-020

M9.0V

16.195

49

DEN 0255-4700

L7.5V

16.197

50

GJ 682

M4.5V

16.337

#

System

Star

Stellar class

Distance
Light-years

Designation



Shortened article and table from http://wikipedia.org . Published under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2




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